How to diagnose if my baby has diabetes?
Though it can strike at any age Type 1 diabetes is often found in children, so it is also called childhood diabetes. This form of the disease is the rarest and is represented in 5-10% of those diagnosed. It is caused by the lack of insulin in a body as it stops producing it (insulin is a hormone, which provides sugar absorption in a body), as body`s immune system attacks and kills the cells in the pancreas, which are responsible for insulin production.
The condition can be diagnosed with a series of urine and blood tests, but parents can diagnose diabetes in their child themselves by carefully observing of his or her symptoms.
• If your child gets wet the bed even if he has been trained toileting, watch to see some other symptoms.
• If your child has diabetes bet wetting can be caused by unquenchable, excessive thirst and frequent need to urinate.
• Children with diabetes often get tired and eat more than usual. Though they have excessive hunger they lose their weight.
• Additional symptoms can be fatigue and blurred vision. If your find all these signs in your child visit the pediatrician immediately. He will check the level of sugar in his blood and urine, as if it is not metabolized by insulin it can be found in the urine. If the testing shows elevated level of sugar your child will be prescribed some additional tests.
• Additional tests include A1C test, which allows seeing how well the insulin has been working for a long period of time. It will assess the level of sugar in your child`s blood for the previous 3 months. Fasting blood sugar level may also be taken. If the blood sugar level is higher than 110, the doctor will diagnose diabetes. Non-fasting blood tests indicate diabetes if the levels are over 200.