How to detect breast cancer early?
Despite of several limitations mammogram is still most effective way of breast cancer detection. Women of 40 years old and elder should pass through the procedure of screening mammogram once a year. Today mammogram is much stronger than it was in the past, so it offers substantial benefit. It provides early breast cancer detection though it has limitations as some cancers can be missed. Mammogram is based on the women`s individual, health or having such serious illnesses as end-stage renal disease, congestive heart failure, moderate-to-severe dementia or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. If the problem is only in the age, mammogram shouldn’t be avoided.
Young women of 20-30 years old should pass clinical breast exam (CBE) by a health professional every 3 years. Women in their 40-s should have it every year.
The option for women of 20 years old and elder is Breast self exam (BSE). If they find an changes in their breast they should let the health professional know about it. Their systematical step-by-step approach to examining feel and look of the breasts will help to prevent breast cancer. In order to do BSE right it is recommended to ask the doctor about the procedure.
Women at high greater than 20% lifetime risk having a known BRCA2, BRCA1 gene mutation, having relative with BRCA2, BRCA1 gene mutation and haven’t passed genetic testing themselves, with extremely dense breasts, with personal history of breast cancer and with some other risky factors should get mammogram or MRI every year. Women with 15-20% life time risk should have early mammogram and additionally, if the doctor finds it reasonable, MRI screening, but it is not recommended to women with 15% lifetime risk.
Remember, all the measures for early breast cancer detection help to begin well-timed treatment.